MEMS Pressure Sensors

MEMS pressure sensors are pressure sensors manufactured using MEMS technology. MEMS pressure sensors include silicon piezoresistive pressure sensors and silicon capacitive pressure sensors.

MEMS Pressure Sensors

MEMS pressure sensors are the earliest developed miniature sensors with a large market share. MEMS pressure sensors can be divided into piezoresistive and capacitive types. Both are micromechanical electronic sensors generated on silicon chips. MEMS pressure sensors can use high-precision, low-cost mass production with integrated circuit-like design techniques and manufacturing processes. This makes pressure control simple, easy to use, and intelligent. Compared with traditional mechanical quantity sensors, the size of MEMS pressure sensors is smaller, and the largest is no more than one centimeter. Compared with traditional “mechanical” manufacturing technology, its cost performance is greatly improved.

Sino-Inst offers a variety of MEMS pressure senors for industrial pressure measurement. If you have any questions, please contact our sales engineers.

Industrial Pressure Sensor for OEM applications
High Temperature Pressure Sensor
Combined Pressure and Temperature Sensor-Dual function
High Pressure Sensor
Gauge Pressure Transmitter/Transducer
Hydrostatic Pressure Sensor/Transmitter
Piezoresistive Differential Pressure Transmitter
Differential pressure(DP) level transmitter

Features of MEMS Pressure Sensors

  • Single crystal silicon sensor using German MEMS technology
  • Integrated sensor design using patented technology
  • Two-wire system. 4 ~ 20mA analog output. HART® digital communication or four-wire system. RS485 output (MODBUS protocol)

Read more about: What is a pressure sensor and how it works? 

Specifications of MEMS Pressure Sensors

RangeMinimum rangeDPRange and sensor limit (kPa)Minimum rangeGPRange and sensor limit (kPa)Minimum rangeAPRange and sensor limit (kPa)
Code(kPa)Upper range (URL)Lower limit of range (URL)(kPa)Upper range (URL)Lower limit of range (URL)(kPa)Upper range (URL)Lower limit of range (URL)
Measuring range of MEMS pressure sensor
  1. Sensor type: German MEMS technology single crystal silicon sensor
  2. Range ratio: 100: 01: 00
  3. Accuracy grade: 0.075, 0.1, 0.2
  4. Stability: 36 months error is ± 0.2% of maximum range
  5. Temperature effect:
    1. “0.075 level: zero point or range error is ± 0.15% / 28 ℃ of maximum range
    2. 0.1 level: Zero point or range error is ± 0.2% / 28 ℃ of maximum range
    3. Level 0.2: Zero point or range error is ± 0.25% of maximum range / 28 ℃ “
  6. Output signal: “Two-wire system, 4 ~ 20mA DC, HAR T® protocol digital signal. Or four-wire system, RS485 output (MODBU S protocol)”
  7. Metrology certification: CMC
  8. Explosion-proof certification: “Explosion-proof type: Exd IIC T6 Gb
                 Intrinsically safe type: Exia IIC T6 Ga or Exib IIC T4 Gb “
  9. Protection grade: IP67

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What does MEMS mean?

MEMS is the abbreviation of Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems. MEMS is the name of the United States. In Japan, it is called micromachine. In Europe, it is called microsystem. MEMS refers to mass production, which integrates micro-mechanisms, micro-sensors, micro-actuators, signal processing and control circuits, and interfaces. , Communication and power supply are equal to a micro device or system. MEMS is developed with the development of 1653 technology for semiconductor integrated circuit micromachining and internal ultra-precision mechanical processing technology. Currently MEMS processing technology is also widely used in microfluidic chips and synthetic biology. Chip integration of the technical process of the actual volume laboratory.

What is a MEMS pressure sensor?

MEMS pressure sensor is a pressure sensor manufactured by MEMS technology.
MEMS pressure sensors are the earliest developed miniature sensors with a large market share. The current application field has been greatly expanded, far beyond the traditional applications in industrial transmitters and other fields. Generally, MEMS pressure sensors are made by bulk silicon processing technology, and some are made by surface silicon processing technology. MEMS pressure sensors can be divided into piezoresistive and capacitive. Similar to other sensors, the MEMS pressure sensor converts the pressure into an electrical signal output during operation.

Extended Reading: Digital Pressure Sensor-RS485

Piezoresistive MEMS pressure sensor

The piezoresistive MEMS pressure sensor uses a high-precision semiconductor resistance strain gauge to form a Wheatstone bridge as a force-electric conversion measurement circuit. It has high measurement accuracy, low power consumption, and extremely low cost.

Capacitive MEMS pressure sensor

Capacitive pressure sensors use MEMS technology to produce a diaphragm grid on the silicon wafer. The upper and lower diaphragms become a group of capacitive pressure sensors. The upper diaphragm is displaced downward by pressure and changes the upper and lower diaphragms. The spacing of the grids also changes the capacitance between the plates, that is, △ pressure = △ capacitance

Read more about: Capacitive pressure transducer

How does a MEMS pressure sensor work?

The MEMS piezoresistive pressure sensor uses a circular stress cup silicon film inner wall fixed around the periphery. MEMS technology is used to directly engrave four high-precision semiconductor strain gauges on the surface with the highest stress. Make up the Wheatstone measuring bridge. As a force-electricity conversion measurement circuit. The physical quantity of pressure is directly converted into electricity. The measurement accuracy can reach 0.01% ~ 0.03% FS.

You may like: How does a pressure transmitter work?

The MEMS capacitive pressure sensor uses MEMS technology to produce a diaphragm grid on the silicon chip. The two upper and lower diaphragms become a group of capacitive pressure sensors. The upper MEMS capacitive pressure sensors use MEMS technology to create a grid-like shape on a silicon wafer. The two upper and lower transverse barriers become a group of capacitive pressure sensors. The upper diaphragm is displaced downward by pressure. Changed the spacing between the upper and lower two horizontal barriers. It also changes the size of the capacitance between the boards.

Video on How MEMS Pressure Sensor Operation:

Video source:

Applications of MEMS Pressure Sensors

  1. Applied in the automotive industry
    A new application of MEMS pressure sensors in automobiles is the transmission system pressure sensing. It is usually used in automatic devices. But it is also used in new dual clutch transmission systems. German manufacturers have introduced a MEMS solution that uses oil to protect the silicon film so that it can withstand pressures up to 70 bar. Bosch also brought huge changes to MEMS pressure sensors a few years ago. At that time, porous silicon was used to bring highly reliable MEMS devices. These devices have been used in current side airbag applications.
  2. Applied to the medical market
    The pressure sensor mainly serves as a disposable low-cost catheter for surgical operations. But they are also used in expensive equipment. Sensing pressure and differential flow in continuous positive airway pressure (CPAC) machines.
  3. Applied in the industrial field
    The main applications of MEMS pressure sensors include heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC), water level measurement, and various industrial process and control applications. For example, in addition to accurate altitude and barometric pressure measurements, aircraft use sensors to monitor engines, flaps, and other components.

Extended reading: What is a pressure sensor?


Depending on the type of pressure to be measured:
Pressure transmitter types include gauge pressure, absolute pressure, and differential pressure. Gauge pressure refers to the pressure that is less than or greater than atmospheric pressure based on the atmosphere. Absolute pressure refers to the absolute zero pressure as the reference and is higher than the absolute pressure. Differential pressure refers to the difference between two pressures.
According to the working principle of the pressure transmitter:
Strain Gauge Pressure Transducers
Capacitance Pressure Transducers
Potentiometric Pressure Transducers
Resonant Wire Pressure Transducers

First of all, the parameters that must be seen when purchasing a pressure transmitter are:
Pressure range. Range. Measurement medium. Installation method-threaded flange clamps, etc. Installation dimensions. Temperature. Whether with display. Whether with HART protocol. Output type. Current output or voltage output. Explosion-proof level, protection level. Accessories. Mounting bracket.
The above parameters will affect the price of the pressure transmitter.
Sino-Inst, as the manufacturer of pressure transmitter, offer you with the best price.

At present, there are mainly two types of MEMS pressure sensors: silicon piezoresistive pressure sensors and silicon capacitive pressure sensors. Both of these are micro-mechanical electronic sensors produced on silicon chips.

The first type: silicon piezoresistive pressure sensor

The silicon piezoresistive pressure sensor uses a Wheatstone bridge composed of high-precision semiconductor resistance strain gauges as the measurement circuit for electromechanical conversion. It has the advantages of high measurement accuracy, low power consumption, and low cost. The output of the piezoresistive sensor in the wheatstone bridge is zero. If there is no pressure change, there is almost no power consumption.

The MEMS silicon piezoresistive pressure sensor is the inner wall of a silicon membrane with a circular stress cup fixed around it. Using MEMS technology, four high-precision semiconductor strain gauges are directly engraved on the place with the largest surface stress to form a Wheatstone measurement bridge. As an electromechanical conversion measurement circuit, it directly converts the physical quantity of pressure into electrical energy. Its measurement accuracy can reach 0.01-0.03%FS.

The second type: capacitive pressure sensor

The capacitive pressure sensor uses MEMS technology to make a horizontal grid shape on a silicon wafer. The upper and lower horizontal grids form a set of capacitive pressure sensors. The upper horizontal grid moves downward under pressure to change the distance between the upper and lower horizontal grids and the capacitance between the plates, that is Pressure = Capacitance.

MEMS pressure sensors can adopt the design technology and manufacturing process similar to integrated circuits, so as to carry out high-precision, low-cost mass production, and have a wide range of applications in ventilators, automobiles, earphones, mobile phones and other fields.

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Sino-Inst offers over 20 MEMS Pressure Sensors. About 50% of these are 4-20ma Low-Pressure Transducers, 40% are Differential Pressure Gauge, and 20% are Diaphragm Seal Pressure transmitters, 20% are 4-20ma differential pressure transmitters.

A wide variety of MEMS Pressure Sensors options are available to you, such as free samples, paid samples. Sino-Inst is a globally recognized supplier and manufacturer of Pressure Transducers, located in China.

You can ensure product safety by selecting from certified suppliers, with ISO9001, ISO14001 certification.

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Diaphragm Seal Pressure Transmitters

Diaphragm Seal Pressure Transmitters work with Diaphragm Seals for those harsh working conditions. The purpose of the diaphragm seal is to isolate the pressure sensor from the process medium.

The diaphragm seal makes measuring pressure safer and more reliable. It is ideal for protecting pressure process transmitters even under harsh working conditions. The diaphragm seal can isolate the pressure sensor from the process medium. No matter absolute pressure or differential pressure measurement. Mounting with capillary and flange, Diaphragm Seal pressure transmitter can measure pressure, liquid level and flow.When the environment is extremely hot or cold, or when the process connection is difficult to connect to the measuring instrument. When the measured medium is corrosive, sticky, sticky or easily cured. Or when the process is not chemically compatible with the instrument material. It is recommended to use a diaphragm seal.

Sino-Inst offers a variety of Diaphragm Seal Pressure Transmitters for industrial pressure measurement. If you have any questions, please contact our sales engineers.

Featured Diaphragm Seal Pressure Transmitters

Flush diaphragm pressure sensor
Sanitary Pressure Transmitter
Diaphragm Seal Pressure Transmitter
Remote Diaphragm Seal Pressure Transmitter
Flange Mounted Differential Pressure Transmitter
Extended Diaphragm Seal DP Level Transmitter
Remote Seal Differential Pressure Transmitter
Differential pressure(DP) level transmitter

What is a diaphragm seal?

Diaphragm seals, also known as chemical seals or remote seals, are used for pressure measurements when the process medium should not come into contact with the pressurised parts of the measuring instrument.

A diaphragm seal has two primary tasks:

  1. Separation of the measuring instrument from the process medium
  2. Transfer of the pressure to the measuring instrument

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Advantages of diaphragm seals

Diaphragm seals offer the advantage that the “contact surface” between pressure medium and diaphragm is relatively large. Thus ensuring accurate pressure measurement, especially for very low pressures (< 600 mbar). Furthermore, they can be easily dismounted, e.g. for cleaning or calibration purposes.

Rosemount 1199

Rosemount 1199 remote transmission diaphragm system provides the world’s most extensive product variety and specifications to meet the requirements of various measurements and applications.

There are the following types of remote transmission differential pressure / level transmitters:
1) PFW flat type remote transmission device
2) RTW thread installation type remote transmission device
3) EFW inserted barrel remote transmission device
4) RFW flange mounted remote transmission device
5) SCW hygienic remote transmission device

The 1199 remote diaphragm can be assembled to Sino-Inst differential, gauge, and absolute pressure transmitters and liquid level transmitters.

We can learn more about Rosemount 1199 remote diaphragm.

How do diaphragm seals work?

Basically, diaphragm seals are used in all pressure measurement processes to avoid direct contact between the measuring instrument and the medium during this process.

In addition, if the measuring point cannot be installed or read because the measuring point is located in a hard-to-reach location, a diaphragm seal can also be used.

In both cases, the applied pressure is transferred to the measuring instrument through the system fill fluid in the diaphragm seal housing.

The diaphragm of the seal can be made of different materials, such as stainless steel, Hastelloy, Monel or tantalum. In addition, coatings with ECTFE, PFA or gold can also be used.

We can provide the best diaphragm seal design, materials, system fill fluid and accessories for each application. The combined configuration of the pressure measuring instrument and the diaphragm seal is mainly determined by the special application conditions of the diaphragm sealing system.

You may like: How does a pressure transmitter work?

Differential Pressure Transmitter Installation Guide

Diaphragm type pressure transmitter working principle

Diaphragm pressure transmitter is an automated instrument that measures fluid pressure in the industrial field.

  • It is mainly composed of pressure measuring probe, capillary tube, filling liquid and pressure transmission head.
  • One end of the pressure measuring probe is provided with an elastic metal diaphragm
  • When the pressure acts directly on the surface of the measuring diaphragm, the diaphragm will have a slight deformation.
  • The high-precision circuit on the measuring diaphragm transforms this tiny deformation into a highly linear voltage signal proportional to the pressure and also proportional to the excitation voltage.
  • Then use a special chip to convert this voltage signal into an industry standard 4-2OmA current signal or 1-5V voltage signal.
  • Because the measuring diaphragm adopts standard integrated circuit, which contains linear and temperature compensation circuits, it can achieve high precision and high stability.
  • The transmission circuit adopts a special two-wire system chip, which can ensure the output of a two-wire 4-20mA current signal, which is convenient for field wiring.

Read more about: What is industrial pressure transmitter?

When to use diaphragm seal ?

The diaphragm seal pressure transmitter is suitable for the following working conditions:

  1. The high temperature medium needs to be isolated from the transmitter.
  2. The measuring medium has a corrosive effect on the sensitive components of the transmitter.
  3. Suspended liquid or high viscosity medium.
  4. The measured medium solidifies or crystallizes due to changes in the environment or process temperature.
  5. Replacing the measured medium requires strict purification of the measuring head.
  6. The measuring head must be kept clean and hygienic.
  7. Liquid level measurement of sealed pressure vessel.

Difference between bourdon tube and diaphragm pressure gauge:


The remote seal is used to prevent the medium in the pipeline from directly entering the pressure sensor assembly in the pressure transmitter. It is connected to the transmitter by a capillary filled with fluid. As a result, they’re often used in refining, petrochemical, and chemical plants.

Diaphragm pressure gauge consists of a diaphragm isolator and a universal pressure gauge to form a system pressure gauge. The spring tube is evacuated by special equipment. And fill people with irrigation fluid. Seal it with a diaphragm. When the pressure P of the measured medium acts on the diaphragm, it deforms. The working fluid filled in the compression system makes the working fluid form a △ P equivalent to P, with the help of work. The conduction of the liquid causes a corresponding elastic deformation-displacement at the free end of the elastic element (spring tube) in the pressure meter. According to the working principle of the pressure instrument matched with it, the measured pressure value is displayed.

Diaphragm pressure gauges consist of a system of diaphragms and universal pressure gauges. Diaphragm pressure gauges and equipment are mainly connected with threaded connections, flange connections and sanitary clamps. Diaphragm pressure gauges are suitable for measuring the pressure of medium with strong corrosion, high temperature, high viscosity, easy to crystallize, easy to solidify, and solid floats, as well as occasions where the measurement medium must be avoided from entering the general-purpose pressure meter and to prevent the accumulation of sediment and easy to clean.

The characteristics of the filling fluid determine the performance of the sealing system to a large extent, both in response time and temperature to the heat dissipation conditions.
The initial consideration in choosing a sealed diaphragm to fill fluid is the media compatibility of the process.
Glycerin, silicone oil and halogenated carbon are the most commonly used sealed diaphragm filling fluids.
In general there are three ways to fill a diaphragm seal:
1. Filling a diaphragm seal after assembly of the seal to the instrument
2. Filling a diaphragm seal before assembly of the seal to the instrument
3. Filling a diaphragm seal with a capillary between the seal and the instrument

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Sino-Inst is a manufacturer of Diaphragm Seal Pressure Transmitters.

Sino-Inst offers over 20 Diaphragm Seal Pressure Transmitters at best price. About 50% of these are Pressure level Transducer, 40% are Differential Pressure transmitters, and 40% are Diaphragm Seal Pressure transmitters.
A wide variety of Diaphragm Seal Pressure Transmitters options are available to you, such as free samples, paid samples. 

Sino-Inst is a globally recognized supplier and manufacturer of Diaphragm Seal Pressure Transmitters, located in China. Sino-Inst sells through a mature distribution network that reaches all 50 states and 30 countries worldwide. Diaphragm Seal Pressure Transmitters products are most popular in Domestic Market, Southeast Asia, and Mid East. 

You can ensure product safety by selecting from certified suppliers, with ISO9001, ISO14001 certification.

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Hydrostatic Level Measurement

Hydrostatic level measurement is often used for tank level measurement. Hydrostatic level measurement is one type of continuous level measurement.

What Is Hydrostatic Pressure?

Hydrostatic pressure sensors are used to measure the level or fill height of liquids. Hydrostatic pressure measurement is suitable for liquid level measurement due to the static pressure effect of non-flowing fluids. This physical principle describes the effect of the gravity of a stationary (i.e. non-flowing) liquid on the measurement point. This gravity is often described as “hydrostatic pressure”.

Sino-Inst offers a variety of Hydrostatic level senors for industrial level measurement. If you have any questions, please contact our sales engineers.

Select a Featured hydrostatic level sensor for your application 

SI-151 Hydrostatic Level Sensor
Hydrostatic Level Sensor (Best Price), also called Hydrostatic level transmitter. Continuous level measurement in liquid applications with pressure sensors.
SI-10 Liquid pressure sensor
Liquid pressure sensor is widely used for pressure measurement of various liquids. Like water or oils. IP68 waterproof.
SI-PCM261 Submersible Pressure Transducer
Submersible pressure transducer with 4-20mA output,
is normal submersible pressure transmitter for level measurement.
SMT3151TR Submersible Level Transmitter
Hydrostatic level transmitter is also called hydrostatic level gauge. The rod-type Hydrostatic level transmitter 4-20mADC standard signal output. Flange or threaded installation. Can withstand high temperatures up to 450 ℃.
SI-PCM260 Deep Well Water Level Sensor
Well water level sensor is to apply Hydrostatic Level Sensor to deep well. Well water level sensor submerged in deep well work together with submersible water pump. Range 300m ~ 1000m.
SI-302 Anti-corrosive Submersible Level Transmitter
Submersible Level Transmitter is made of Anti-corrosive all-tetrafluoroethylene(PTFE) material. It has high temperature resistance, corrosion resistance and anti-clogging.
Wireless Level Sensor – LoRa The Wireless Level Sensor upgrades the LoRa wireless transmission function based on the Hydrostatic Level transmitter. Measure water or oil level. 

Pressure Guided Submersible Level Transmitter
Stainless Steel Level Sensor-Pressure Guided Submersible Level Transmitter. The sensor part and the signal processing circuit are inside the junction box. It is used for high temperature, corrosive liquid, sewage, etc. 

The above level sensors are Submersible Level Transmitters. According to your measurement needs, we can provide various customizations. For example: measuring range, installation method, output method, explosion-proof, lightning protection, anti-corrosion, etc.

If you cannot use a level probe, we recommend that you use a pressure level sensor.

Extended reading: sludge level measurement

Hydrostatic level measurement with Pressure Transmitters

Flange Mounted Differential Pressure Transmitter
Extended Diaphragm Seal DP Level Transmitter
Remote Seal Differential Pressure Transmitter
Differential pressure(DP) level transmitter

In open and closed tanks, there may be special conditions such as high temperature and corrosion. At this time, use a pressure or differential pressure transmitter, with flange, diaphragm, capillary, etc. We can achieve the static pressure measurement of the tank liquid level.

Pros & Cons of Hydrostatic level measurement system

About Hydrostatic level transmitter advantages and disadvantages, we do a simple analysis here. If you want to know more about the advantages and disadvantages of level transmitters. Please refer to Sino-Inst Level Transmitters.


  • High measurement accuracy;
  • The ultra-high range can be customized up to 1000 meters.
  • Easy to install;
  • The signal can be transmitted remotely;
  • The corrosion of various media can be resisted by choosing different materials;
  • Suitable for explosion-proof occasions;
  • Low cost;


  • The measurement signal needs to be converted;
  • When the measuring range is greater than 5 meters, it is impossible to measure the high temperature medium temperature exceeding 125 ℃;
  • The density of the measuring medium must be uniform.

Hydrostatic level sensor installation guide

  1. If you choose a submersible pressure transmitter. You must lower the device into the medium by cable. Until you reach the bottom of the tank, reservoir or underground resources, or until you reach the required zero level. Then, run the cable from the oil tank or water tank to the control system. Connect the level probe to the PLC accordingly.
  2. If you have turbulent media, you should use an extra tank weight to stabilize the level probe in the media. To obtain a stable pressure reading. To prevent the cable from any mechanical damage. You can use the cable clamp to fix the cable on the top of the water tank. Or when connecting the cable to the control system.
  3. If you choose a standard pressure transmitter. Simply screw the transmitter into the threaded hole on the bottom or side of the tank. Then, connect the transmitter to the PLC with the appropriate cable connector. Or if cable connection is selected, connect the transmitter directly to the control system.

Hydrostatic level sensor can also be used with paperless recorder.

Capacitive vs Hydrostatic level sensor

Capacitive liquid level transmitter is the core sensor working principle of a transmitter. Refers to an instrument that measures differential pressure by detecting changes in capacitance on both sides of the sensing diaphragm. Theoretically, it can measure the pressure and differential pressure in any form, including liquid level. The reason why it is called a liquid level transmitter is only because its installation method is specially designed for liquid level measurement. The essence of the capacitive liquid level transmitter is a differential pressure transmitter.

Hydrostatic level sensor refers to a method of measuring liquid level using the principle of Hydrostatic pressure. Liquid level height × medium weight = pressure difference between liquid level and upside. This method of measurement requires the use of a differential pressure transmitter. If this differential pressure transmitter is designed to be more suitable for liquid level measurement, it is called a liquid level transmitter.

Extended reading: Hydrostatic Pressure Transmitter


submersible pressure transducer or a flush pressure sensor measures the height-dependent weight-force of the liquid column, also known as hydrostatic pressure.
This pressure measurement is directly proportional to the liquid level respectively liquid column, at the measuring point of the pressure sensor.
It is, therefore, necessary, for the measurement of level, that the pressure sensor is placed as close as possible to the level of the vessel’s bottom.
The measured hydrostatic pressure then directly corresponds to the height of the liquid column, from the ground-level measurement point to the surface-level of the medium.
So, the filling height is calculated from the distance of the medium surface, to the measuring point by the pressure measurement.
The weight force of the liquid column, thus the hydrostatic pressure, however, is not only directly proportional to the filling height but also varies with the specific gravity of the medium and the force of gravity.
Read more about: Differences! Static pressure vs dynamic pressure vs total pressure

Hydrostatic pressure is the pressure that a homogeneous fluid acts on an object.
This is a omnidirectional force that is evenly applied to all parts of the surface of the object. Increased hydrostatic pressure will reduce the volume of the stressed object, but will not change its shape

Hydrostatic level transmitter is actually a type of pressure transmitter. Hydrostatic level transmitter is the application of pressure transmitter to liquid level measurement. The submersible Hydostatic pressure level transmitter is based on the principle that the measured liquid static pressure is proportional to the height of the liquid. Piezoresistive effect using diffused silicon or ceramic sensitive elements. Convert static pressure into electrical signal. After temperature compensation and linear correction. Convert to 4-20mADC standard current signal output. In order to achieve liquid level measurement.

Usually we measure the liquid level by measuring the pressure.
When the liquid level transmitter is put into a certain depth in the measured liquid, the pressure formula of the sensor facing the liquid surface is: Ρ = ρ.g.H + Po. In the formula:
P: the pressure on the liquid face of the transmitter
Ρ: measured liquid density
G: local gravity acceleration
Po: atmospheric pressure on the liquid surface
H: Depth of transmitter into liquid
At the same time, the pressure of the liquid is introduced into the positive pressure chamber of the sensor through the air-conducting stainless steel. Then connect the atmospheric pressure Po on the liquid surface to the negative pressure chamber of the sensor. To offset Po on the back of the sensor, the pressure measured by the sensor is: ρ.g.H. Obviously, by measuring the pressure P, the liquid level depth can be obtained.
Of course, if the liquid level is measured, the pressure value can also be converted.
Read more What is a diaphragm seal?

Yes. If it is an open tank use a transmitter. If it is pressurized, 2 pressure transmitters must be used (the difference in the software is the liquid level height). The range unit of the transmitter is preferably mmH2O.
If the medium is not water, its density must also be known. This allows for span correction (top transmitters do not do span correction). Generally, a double-diaphragm differential pressure transmitter is used to detect the liquid level.

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Hydrostatic level sensor price

Compared with other liquid level transmitters, Hydrostatic level esnsor has lower cost. The price of Hydrostatic level sensor is mainly affected by the measurement situation. Such as:

  1. Range range;
  2. Medium temperature;
  3. The medium is corrosive;

Sino-Inst is a manufacturer of Hydrostatic level sesnor. Sino-Inst provides customers with the best Hydrostatic level measurement price. For example, the general-purpose Hydrostatic level transmitter has a reference price of USD70. If you want to know the exact price, please contact our sales engineer.

Sino-Instrument offers detailed product specifications and data sheets for review. Our application engineers, can help ensure you choose exactly what you need for your specific installation. Or if you need the RFQ instantly, we can offer you with the submersible level transmitter price immediately.

Extended Reading: bin level measuring system

Sino-Inst offers over 50 Hydrostatic level sensors at best price.

About 50% of these are Submersible Pressure Transducer, 40% are Differential Pressure Gauge, and 40% are Diaphragm Seal Pressure transmitters.
A wide variety of  Submersible Pressure Transducer options are available to you, such as free samples, paid samples. 

Sino-Inst is a globally recognized supplier and manufacturer of 
Submersible Pressure Transducer, located in China. Sino-Inst sells through a mature distribution network that reaches all 50 states and 30 countries worldwide. Submersible Pressure Transducer products are most popular in Domestic Market, Southeast Asia, and Mid East. 

You can ensure product safety by selecting from certified suppliers, with ISO9001, ISO14001 certification.

Readd more about: [What is and How it Works]Hydrostatic Level Sensor

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SI-302 Anti-corrosive Submersible Level Transmitter

Submersible Level Transmitter is made of Anti-corrosive all-tetrafluoroethylene(PTFE) material. It has high temperature resistance, corrosion resistance and anti-clogging.

Submersible level transmitter made of PTFE is perfect in the harshest applications. Like Acid and alkali environment, Sludge and Slurries. Anti-corrosive Submersible Level Transmitter utilizes the linear change law of liquid height, density and pressure. It converts the change of liquid level into linear 4-20mADC standard signal output. Integrate temperature compensation calibration technology. Easy installation. Anti-corrosive Submersible Level Transmitter adopts two-wire system. 4 ~ 20mA output. 24V DC power supply. ATEX, 3 wire, remote mount transmitter optional.

Sino-Inst offers a variety of Submersible level transmitters with 4-20mA for industrial level measurement. If you have any questions, please contact our sales engineers.

Features of SI-302 Anti-corrosive Submersible Level Transmitter

  1. Corrosion resistance, high precision, low cost, high temperature resistance, anti-clogging;
  2. Convenient installation. Directly put the lowest point of the liquid level of the measured medium. Very convenient to use;
  3. Solid structure. No moving parts. High reliability. Long service life;
  4. Widely used to measure the liquid level of any liquid. Except for the medium corrosive to tetrafluoroethylene;
  5. From water, oil, acid, alkali, salt to paste with high viscosity can be measured with high accuracy. It is not affected by the foaming, deposition and electrical characteristics of the measured medium.
  6. With power supply reverse polarity and overload current limit protection.

Specifications of Submersible Level Transmitter

Measuring range:0~200m
Signal output:4~20ADC, 0~20mA
Loading resistance:0~600Ω
Transmitting distance:>1000m
Working voltage:24VDC
Working temperature:-50~ +80 °C;    -50~ +450 °C; 
Environmental temperature:-40~ +50 °C
Relative humidity:≤85%
Contacting liquid material:Stainless steel, PP, PTFE
Installation type:Flange: DN32 (HG/T20593,20595-97) RF sealing face ;  
G2″ thread(customize)
Electrical connection:M20×1.5
Explosion-proof grade:Exia II CT6Ga;   Exd II CT6Gb

Extended reading: sludge blanket level detector

Applications of Anti-corrosive Submersible Level Transmitter

Anti-corrosive Submersible Level Transmitter liquid contact material uses PTFE. Fully sealed welding of stainless steel shell. If customer needs, can be customized full PTFE material. Industry standard 4 ~ 20mA or 0 ~ 10mA signal output. Basically, no maintenance is required, and the wetted part is made of full PTFE material, which is extremely resistant to corrosion.

Anti-corrosive Submersible Level Transmitter is widely used in harshest applications such as Sludge and Slurries.

Product Applications:
Sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, hydrofluoric acid;
Corrosive liquids such as liquid alkali, xylene and acetone;
Sludge pits, clarifiers, digesters;
Alum tanks;
Chemical storage tanks;
Oil tanks;
Lime slurry;

Extended reading: Applications of Radar Corrosive Liquid Chemical Level Sensor

How do Submersible Level Transmitters Work?

The basic working principle of Hydrostatic Level Sensor is static pressure level measurement.

In liquid, the pressure generated at a certain depth is generated by the weight of the medium itself above the measurement point. It is proportional to the density of the medium and the local acceleration of gravity.

The formula P = ρgh reflects the proportional relationship between them.

Where P = pressure, ρ = medium density, g = gravity acceleration, h = depth of measurement point.

Therefore, the physical quantity measured by the input liquid level gauge is actually pressure. It can be understood by the calibration unit mH2O of the input level gauge. The actual liquid level must be obtained by conversion after knowing the two parameters of density and gravity acceleration. In the industrial field, such conversion is usually performed by a secondary instrument or PLC.

The Hydrostatic Level Sensor mainly measures corrosive liquids such as hydrochloric acid, hydrogen peroxide, etc. Or chemical and electroplating wastewater. Mainly used in measuring corrosive media. It has the advantages of strong corrosion resistance and stable performance.

More Submersible Pressure Transmitters for level measurement

Hydrostatic level transmitter-Rod Type
Submersible Pressure Transducer
Hydrostatic Level Sensor
Deep Well Water Level Sensor

Submersible Level Transmitter Calibration

Unscrew the protective cover and you will see the zero and full range resistors. External standard power supply and ammeter (above 0.2 level) can be adjusted. Proceed as follows:

  • When the transmitter has no liquid. Adjust the zero resistor to make the output current 4mA;
  • Transmitter is filled to full scale. Adjust the full range resistor to make it output current 20mA;
  • Repeat the above steps two or three times. Until the signal is normal;
  • The adjustment is completed. Tighten the protective cover.

Submersible Level Transmitter installation and precautions

The transmitter probe has an M20 × 1.5 interface, which can be screwed directly on the wall of the container or pipeline. Can also put the transmitter into the pool or other liquids. Cable lead to display instrument, secondary instrument or control room. Note that the cable part on the ground needs to be protected or elevated. If there is sediment at the bottom of the liquid to be tested. The transmitter should be raised or filtered for protection.

A. Instructions for installation of input liquid level sensor:

  1. Sludge and oil residue are easy to deposit on the bottom of the tank. It is recommended to move the measuring probe at a certain height away from the bottom of the tank (cabin). To avoid debris blocking the probe.
  2. When the medium in the tank fluctuates greatly and the air guide cable is very long. The probe should be fixed with a sleeve. To prevent the probe from swinging and affecting the measurement accuracy.
  3. When the transmitter is installed, the bending radius of the air guide cable should be greater than 10 cm. Avoid excessive bending to damage the air guide cable.
  4. The ground terminal of the input liquid level transmitter should be reliably grounded. The power shield should be connected to it.
  5. The installation direction of the transmitter is vertical. The installation position of the input type (probe) should be far away from the liquid inlet and outlet and the agitator.
  6. If the medium in the tank has large vibration, wire should be wrapped around the transmitter (probe). Use steel wire to reduce shock to avoid breaking the cable.

B. How to install the input liquid level sensor (probe) to prevent damage to the diaphragm?

When the Submersible Level Transmitter is installed in a stationary deep well or pool. Usually the steel pipe with inner diameter Φ45mm is fixed in water. Make small holes at different heights on the opposite side of the liquid flow direction, so that the medium can enter the tube smoothly. Then put the input liquid level transmitter into the steel pipe and use it.

Learn More About Submersible Level Transducer.

How to use Submersible Level Transmitter ?

  1. It is best to choose a regulated power supply to supply power separately. The stability of the power supply affects the performance index of the transmitter. It is best to control its error to less than one-fifth of the allowable error of the transmitter. For products with special power supply requirements, special power supplies must be connected.
  2. The signal cable of the liquid level transmitter should adopt shielded cable. Prevent electromagnetic interference.
  3. Connect the transmitter according to the correct wiring method. The power-on time should be between 15 and 30 minutes.
  4. If the liquid level transmitter is installed in the pool, water tower and other occasions. You can sink its probe underwater. Keep away from locations where the water velocity is too fast.
  5. In the installation of liquid level transmitters with large fluctuations such as submersible pumps, it is best to use the method of inserting steel pipes. The steel pipe should be fixed firmly. A hole should be made in the steel tube at every interval. The position of the steel pipe should be far away from the water inlet and outlet.
  6. The junction box should be fixed firmly. Or install a fixed bracket. It must be protected from dry and shaded places and must not be exposed to rain.
  7. Protect the ventilation cable. It must not be bent, blocked or damaged. Extra cables can be coiled nearby.
  8. The liquid level transmitter installed outdoors must also take lightning protection measures.

Submersible Level Transmitter for Wastewater

The wastewater treatment process involves many occasions where the liquid level needs to be measured. Also due to the characteristics of the sewage treatment process itself. Need to choose the appropriate level sensor according to the characteristics of each process and medium.

The sensor must be suitable for measuring sewage. The acid, alkali and small particles in the sewage have no effect on the measurement accuracy and life. The sensor has high measurement accuracy. Easy to install. Easy to adjust. The level gauge display is intuitive and has analog output and alarm output functions.

Generally speaking, magnetic float level sensor, ultrasonic level sensor and Submersible Level Transmitter can be used to measure the sewage level.

  1. The magnetic float level sensor is to convert the displacement of the magnetic float with the change of liquid level into a simulated linear standard signal output. The measurement accuracy can generally reach 1.5. When used for sewage measurement, the oil and suspended particles in the sewage will gradually adhere to the wall of the level gauge pipe. Over time, the amount of floating objects increases and the friction increases. The floating ball cannot rise and fall freely as the liquid level changes. It cannot be measured.
  2. The ultrasonic level sensor is based on the relationship between the distance from the ultrasonic probe to the surface of the measured object and the time. This type of liquid level gauge is almost not limited by the measured medium, but has a blind zone, which is suitable for the level measurement of the large “H” value of the storage silo. For the level measurement of sewage pits, due to the existence of blind areas, it has a greater impact on the accuracy of the measurement.
  3. Submersible Level Transmitter (cable static pressure liquid level transmitter) uses ceramic or diffused silicon sensors. The sensor goes directly into the measured liquid. The static pressure of the liquid medium directly acts on the sensor diaphragm. The static pressure is proportional to the height of the measured liquid. This level transmitter is small. Easy installation and low cost.

Compare the advantages and disadvantages of the above level gauges. Most customers will choose Submersible Level Transmitter.

Extended reading: Sludge flow meter for sewage treatment return activated sludge system


What is hydrostatic level sensor?

Hydrostatic pressure level sensor (Submersible Level Transmitter) is a pressure sensor that measures liquid level based on the principle of static pressure measurement. It can also be called “static pressure liquid level gauge, liquid level transmitter, liquid level sensor, water level sensor”

What is the water level sensor?

The water level sensor is an instrument that can convert the water level parameter of the measured point into the corresponding power signal in real time. It is mainly composed of a fully sealed isolation membrane oil-filled sensor and a built-in high-performance microprocessor.
There are many types of water level sensors. There are three common types of ultrasonic liquid level sensors, servo liquid level sensors and static pressure liquid level sensors. Due to the differences in their working principles and performance, their applications are also different.

What is ultrasonic level sensor?

The ultrasonic level sensor is a non-contact liquid level sensor. Ultrasonic sensors are sensors developed using the characteristics of ultrasound. Ultrasound is a mechanical wave with a vibration frequency higher than that of sound waves, which is generated by the vibration of the transducing wafer under the excitation of voltage. It has high frequency, short wavelength and small diffraction phenomenon. In particular, it has good directivity, and can be ray and directional propagation. Ultrasound has a great ability to penetrate liquids and solids. Especially in the opaque solids of sunlight, it can penetrate a depth of tens of meters.

Sino-Inst offers over 10 Submersible Level Transmitters. About 50% of these are Submersible Level Sensors, 40% are water level meters, and 40% are liquid treatment.
A wide variety of Submersible Level Transmitter options are available to you, such as free samples, paid samples.

Sino-Inst is a globally recognized supplier and manufacturer of Submersible Level Transmitter, located in China.

Sino-Inst sells through a mature distribution network that reaches all 50 states and 30 countries worldwide.
Submersible Level Transmitter products are most popular in Domestic Market, Southeast Asia, and Mid East. You can ensure product safety by selecting from certified suppliers with ISO9001,ISO14001 certification.

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Magnetostrictive Level Sensor in Storage Tank Level Measurement

Tank Level Measurement is important for industry storage tank. For example, level measurement of fuel oil tanks and the interface measurement of chemical storage tanks. The liquid level sensor is a kind of level instrument. Hydrostatic, Ultrasonic, Magnetostrictive, Radar, Differential Pressure are commonly choices for tank level measurement. Here, we mainly analyze the magnetostrictive liquid level sensor in the tank applications.

Liquefied petroleum gas is one of the most widely used fuels in civil and industrial production. During the storage and transportation of liquefied petroleum gas, liquid level measurement is an important task of the project. It is required not only to have high accuracy for liquid level measurement. It must also be able to adapt well to the working conditions of closed pressure vessels. At the same time, in order to meet the needs of remote monitoring and management. It must also require the measurement data to have the function of long-distance transmission.

Featured Level Sensors for Tank Level Measurement

Rigid Probe Magnetostrictive Level Transmitter
Integral flange Magnetostrictive level sensor
Digital Display Magnetostrictive liquid level sensor

Comparison of the common detection methods for the Tank Level Measurement

Instrument nameAccuracyMeasuring principleLiquid level, interface, temperature measurementRegular maintenanceOn-site installationoverall costsService life
Magnetostrictive liquid level sensor0.5mmMagnetostrictionYes (integrated)Maintenance-freeSimpleLow20 years
Servo level sensor1mm
Yes (split)
Regular maintenance
Guided wave radar level senosr 1mm

Liquid level measurement methods for Tanks

There are 7 main types of level transmitters that Sino-Inst offers for Tank Level Measurement. Each type of transmitter works in a different way, and makes it useful for different types of processes.

Extended reading: Industrial Tank level indicators and Tank Level Gauges

Analysis and comparison with other level sensors

(1) Optical fiber level gauge
Based on optical technology. Use optical fiber as the sensor unit. Take out the sensitive state as an optical signal. Then photoelectric conversion. So it is easy to match with highly developed electronic control devices.

Compared with other conventional sensors, optical fiber sensors have high sensitivity, fast response speed, and strong resistance to electromagnetic interference. Corrosion resistance, good electrical insulation, small size and easy to form a remote monitoring network with optical fiber transmission system. Especially in the harsh environment of flammable and explosive, it is widely used.

(2) Differential pressure level gauge.Differential pressure level gauges use the principle of liquid pressure. At the bottom of the liquid, check the pressure difference between the liquid pressure and the standard atmospheric pressure. It deforms the semiconductor diffusion silicon film through the pressure of the liquid bottom.

Cause the bridge to be unbalanced. The circuit outputs a voltage corresponding to the liquid level height. In order to obtain the liquid level signal. It has the characteristics of high precision (0.7%), small drift and strong anti-overload capability.

But when the density of the medium changes with the temperature, pressure and composition of the medium, the differential pressure level gauge will produce a false level.

Extended reading: Hydrostatic Level Measurement

(3) Servo level gauge.
The servo liquid level gauge controls the float to follow the liquid level or interface changes through the servo motor. The servo float level gauge is subjected to different buoyancy forces on the liquid surface, in the liquid and on the interface through the float.

The gravity sensor is used to measure the weight of the float. It can send out long-distance signals at the same time. Use microcomputer for remote control. Its dynamic tracking error can reach 0.1mm.

At the same time, it can also compensate for the additional weight error caused by the low liquid level. The measurement accuracy of the liquid level can reach 0.7mm. The sensitivity can reach 0.1mm.

In addition, it also has self-diagnosis and communication functions. The level gauge has high reliability. But the price is relatively high.

(4) Radar level gaugeThe use of radar waves to measure the liquid level is a technology that has been paid close attention at home and abroad in recent years. It uses a horn-shaped waveguide to emit low-power microwaves (tens of microwatts).

Extended reading: Radar Oil Tank Level Sensor

After encountering the tested interface, part of the microwave is reflected back. Received by the transmitter and receiver combination level gauge system. Indirectly measure the liquid level by measuring the time difference between transmission and reception.

The biggest feature of the radar level gauge is that it is suitable for the environment where the application effect of the ultrasonic level gauge is not ideal.

Its maximum range can reach 35m, and the measurement accuracy can reach millimeter level. But its disadvantage is that the price is too high. Can not withstand high temperature and high pressure.

Read more about: 7 Level Senors for Tank Level Measurement

We can learn more about Fluid Level Measurement Techniques:

Advantages of stainless steel magnetostrictive level sensor for oil Tank Level Measurement:

  1. High precision: the magnetostrictive liquid level gauge uses waveguide pulse to work. During the work, the measured displacement is determined by measuring the time of the start pulse and the end pulse. Therefore, its measurement accuracy is high. The resolution is better than 0.01% FS. This is an accuracy that is difficult to achieve with other sensors.
  2. Good safety: the magnetostrictive liquid level gauge has high explosion-proof performance. Safer to use. Especially suitable for the measurement of chemical raw materials and flammable liquids. It is not necessary to open the tank lid during measurement. There is no insecurity for manual measurement.
  3. Strong reliability: Because the magnetostrictive liquid level gauge uses the waveguide principle. There are no mechanically movable parts. So there is no friction and no wear. The entire converter is enclosed in a stainless steel tube and does not contact the measuring medium. The sensor works more reliably and has a longer life.
  4. Facilitate system automation: The secondary instrument of the magnetostrictive liquid level gauge adopts standard output signal. Help the computer to process the signal. It is easy to work on the Internet. Improve the automation of the entire measurement system.
  5. Simple installation and maintenance: the magnetostrictive liquid level gauge is usually installed through the existing nozzle on the tank top. It is especially suitable for the installation of underground storage tanks and already put into operation. And will not affect normal production during the installation process.

Extended reading: Types of Fuel-Diesel Level Sensors

What is tank level measurement

Tank level measurement is a general term for measuring the static storage of liquid products in large storage tanks. It can be used for inventory measurement, which is to determine the total amount of products in the storage tank.

It can also be used for transmission and transfer measurement, that is, as a basis for product purchase, sale and tax payment. There are two main methods: volume-based and mass-based measurement.

Tank level measurement devices

Extended reading: ultrasonic level sensor for diesel tank

Tank level measurement using pressure

Pressure level sensors can be used to establish levels in rivers, tanks, wells or other liquids. The pressure at the bottom of the liquid-filled container is directly related to the height of the liquid.

The transmitter measures this hydrostatic head and provides a final level. In order to obtain an accurate reading, the measuring device must be located at the lower point where you want to measure; it is usually installed or placed at the bottom of the container.

When measuring the liquid level, the specific gravity must be considered. Consider the following equation:

     H = P / SG or P = SG? H

H-the height of the measured liquid. It is usually measured in inches, centimeters, meters, feet, etc.
P-Hydrostatic head at the bottom of the tank. Usually in inches of water column, feet of water column, horizontal bar, psi, Pascal’s, etc.
SG-the proportion of the medium. The dimensionless number is calculated from: measured medium density ÷ water density at 4 ° C. For example, the density of kerosene is equal to 0.82 g / cm 3. Therefore, the kerosene of SG is 0.82g / cm 3 · 1.00g / cm 3 = 0.82.

Extended reading: Radar Liquid Level Sensor|Corrosive, steam, volatile liquids

Radar tank level measurement

Radar level transmitter, also called Radar level gauge. Non-contact Continuous level measurement in liquids and solids with free space radar sensors. Non-contacting radar, based on microwave technology, detects only surfaces that reflect energy.

These transmitters work on the principle of a radar by using radio wave emissions. Mounted at the top of a tank filled with a liquid. The transmitter sends a radar signal into the liquid, and receives a reflection of the signal. The transmitters then analyze the current fill level of the tank based on the time taken by the transmitted signal to return.

Operating Principle of Non-Contacting Radar Level Sensors/Gauges (Unguided Wave)

Radar Level Sensor Features

  • Non-contact, continuous level measurement over larger ranges
  • Unaffected by sludge and biomass, dust, foam, oil, grease and other coatings, uneven surfaces, turbulence, pressure, and vacuum
  • Single frequency radar level sensors for liquid sensing, dual frequency radar level sensors for level measurement of aggregates, gravel, sand, coal, asphalt, and other solids
  • Simple mounting and push-button calibration

More about Radar level measurement


How do you measure the depth of water in a tank?

The water level sensor of your water tank is an essential component. If not repaired or replaced, a sensor can become damaged over time and fail entirely. Too much water can cause a malfunction and too little water means inadequate water pressure. Either way, repairing or replacing holding tanks is an expensive task you shouldn’t have to undertake because of sub-par sensors.
With Sino-Inst’s water tank level sensors, there’s nothing to break down or rust and our models have a 99% success rate!
In the high unlikely event that you experience any issues with your product, call us and we’ll replace or repair it immediately at no charge.

How do I test my water level?

Water pressure transducers also called a water pressure sensor,
are pressure transmitters that can measure water pipe pressure.
For the water level/water depth measurement,
in the tank, or in the well, we can use electrical transmitters,
stainless steel body, IP65-IP6, 4-20ma output.

Sino-Instrument offers over 10 level transmitters for tank level measurement. About 50% of these are liquid level meters, 40% is the tank level sensor.

A wide variety of level meters options are available to you, such as free samples, paid samples.

Sino-Instrument is a globally recognized supplier and manufacturer of level measurement instrumentation, located in China.

Request a Quote

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