Static Pressure/Hydrostatic Pressure Transmitter

The Hydrostatic Pressure Transmitter measures the hydrostatic pressure exerted by a hydrostatic head. Use these hydrostatic pressure transmitters to measure the liquid level in storage tanks, processing vessels, collection tanks, pump inlet heads. And other applications use hydrostatic pressure to determine the liquid height. The pressure transmitter used to measure liquid level can be called: pressure liquid level transmitter. It is mainly used for open non-pressure vessels. One is submersible type, and the other is flat film installation.

Static Pressure/Hydrostatic Pressure Transmitter

You may often hear Hydrostatic Pressure Transmitter or static pressure transmitter. So are they the same? What is their role? Next, the Sino-Inst engineer will take you to take a look.

Static pressure refers to the pressure on the surface of an object when it is stationary or moving in a straight line at a constant speed. The unit is pa. Static pressure plus dynamic pressure equals total pressure.

Static pressure pile construction is a pile-driving process in which the pile driver’s own weight and the counterweight on the frame provide reaction force through the pile driving mechanism of the static pile driver to press the pile into the soil. This kind of pile driving method completely avoids the vibration, noise, and pollution caused by hammering pile driving. Therefore, it has the advantages of no noise, no vibration, no impact, no pollution, etc. during construction.

Advantages: no noise, no vibration, no impact
Field: Fluid Dynamics

  1. The pressure generated by the fluid when it is at rest.
  2. The pressure perpendicular to the direction of fluid movement generated by the fluid when it flows.
  3. The gauge pressure value measured in a fluid that is not affected by the flow rate.

Extended reading: Static pressure vs dynamic pressure vs total pressure

Static pressure conversion table


1in=25.4mm ; 11b=445g ; k=1000; mili=0.001 ; u=0.00000

Extended Reading: Electronic Pressure Switch for Air Compressor

Hydrostatic pressure is the pressure exerted on an object by a homogeneous fluid. This is a kind of Omni-directional force, and it is evenly applied to all parts of the surface of the object. The increase in hydrostatic pressure will reduce the volume of the stressed object, but will not change its shape.

The pressure on the rock deep inside the earth’s crust is similar to this. It comes from the overlying rock layer and is called lithostatic pressure. There is also strong pressurization of the capacity load of water.

Extended reading: Industrial Pressure Transmitters|Buy from the manufacturer

Hydrostatic level measurement is often used for tank level measurement. Hydrostatic level measurement is one type of continuous level measurement.

Hydrostatic level measurement is based on the principle that the Hydrostatic is proportional to the height of the liquid. Hydrostatic submersible pressure level transmitter is the most commonly used level measurement sensor. Of course, the differential pressure transmitter can also measure the liquid level. A hydrostatic level sensor is a submersible pressure transmitter that has a pressure diaphragm at the end of level probe. A hydrostatic level sensor is a submersible pressure transmitter that has a pressure diaphragm at the end of level probe. This Hydrostatic is caused by the weight of the fluid on top of the transmitter and is used to calculate the level. And the inner side of the diaphragm is vented to atmospheric pressure.

Extended reading: wireless pressure transmitter working principle

Featured Static Pressure/Hydrostatic Pressure Transmitters

Hydrostatic Level Measurement Calculation

Liquid level sensors based on hydrostatic liquid level measurement usually measure the filling height of the container according to the following principles:

The liquid passes its specific gravity and gravity. The gravity increases with the filling height. This kind of gravity, which increases with the increase of the filling height, is called a liquid column.

So, if a static pressure type liquid level sensor is selected. This transmitter will measure the corresponding height of gravity of the liquid column as the hydrostatic pressure. Based on the measured hydrostatic pressure and product density. Now you can also calculate the filling height of the container.

Extended reading: What is flush diaphragm?

Hydrostatic level measurement has enjoyed a high reputation for many years and represents 40% of the market share. It is by far the most common electronic liquid level measurement method. Most importantly, it is well known for its high reliability and low installation cost. Therefore, users think that hydrostatic level measurement is very simple and powerful.

Extended reading: Silicon Pressure Sensor

Hydrostatic Level Transmitter Advantages and Disadvantages

About Hydrostatic level transmitter advantages and disadvantages, we do a simple analysis here. If you want to know more about the advantages and disadvantages of level transmitters. Please refer to Sino-Inst Level Transmitters.


  • High measurement accuracy;
  • The ultra-high range can be customized up to 1000 meters.
  • Easy to install;
  • The signal can be transmitted remotely;
  • The corrosion of various media can be resisted by choosing different materials;
  • Suitable for explosion-proof occasions;
  • Low cost;


  • The measurement signal needs to be converted;
  • When the measuring range is greater than 5 meters, it is impossible to measure the high temperature medium temperature exceeding 125 ℃;
  • The density of the measuring medium must be uniform.

Extended reading: High accuracy pressure transducers

Static Pressure Effect in Pressure Transmitter

Static pressure is easy to understand. It is the maximum bearable pressure.

For example, the differential pressure range you measure is 0-1KPa. This pressure may be that the pressure on one side is 0. The other side is 1KPA. At this time, the maximum static pressure is 1KPA.

The differential pressure range you measure is 0-1KPa. This pressure may be that the pressure on one side is 10000KPa and the other side is 10001KPA. At this time, the maximum static pressure is 10001KPA.

Although the measuring range is the same. The pressure displayed by the transmitter is the same. But the static pressure value of the two pressure transmitters is completely different. The sensor selected for the transmitter is also different.

The verification of the influence of the static pressure of the pressure transmitter is as follows:

  1. Connect the high and low pressure chambers of the transmitter to the atmosphere and measure the lower limit of output.
  2. Introduce the static pressure to slowly change from atmospheric pressure to rated working pressure. After stabilizing for 3 minutes, measure the lower limit of output. And calculate the difference of the lower limit of output to atmospheric pressure.
  3. Transmitter with adjustable input range. Except for special regulations, the static pressure influence verification should be carried out on the smallest range. After verification, it should be restored to the original range.

Extended reading: Best Price Ceramic Pressure Sensor

High Static Differential Pressure Transmitter

The high static pressure differential pressure transmitter is used to measure the level, flow and pressure of liquid, gas or steam in a high working pressure environment. Then it is converted into a 420mA DC signal output. The HP intelligent type can communicate with the HART handheld communicator. Use it to set up, monitor or form an on-site monitoring system with the host computer.

Influence of static pressure

①Zero point: ±0.2% URL under 31027kPa static pressure. The zero point error can be corrected online through zero adjustment.
②Range: can be corrected to ±0.25% output reading/6895kPa

In addition, the excellent static pressure performance of the monocrystalline silicon differential pressure transmitter is also better than that of the capacitive products on the same occasion. The optimal static pressure error can be controlled within ±0.05%/10MPa.

Extended reading: Pressure Sensor Applications In Various Industries


The maximum static pressure should be the maximum pressure that the pressure transmitter is allowed to withstand. If this pressure value is exceeded, the diaphragm of the pressure transmitter will be damaged and the measurement accuracy will decrease. If it is a differential pressure transmitter, it means two positive and negative pressure chambers. The maximum allowable pressure is applied on both sides at the same time.

Extended Reading: Smart pressure transmitter

pressure transducer often called a pressure transmitter, is a transducer that converts pressure into an analog electrical signal.

Although there are various types of pressure transducers, one of the most common is the strain-gage base transducer.

The conversion of pressure into an electrical signal is achieved by the physical deformation of strain gauges, which are bonded into the diaphragm of the pressure transducer, and wired into a Wheatstone bridge configuration.

Pressure applied to the pressure transducer produces a deflection of the diaphragm, which introduces strain to the gages.

The strain will produce an electrical resistance change proportional to the pressure.

Read more about How does a pressure transmitter work?

DPT is the abbreviation of Differential Pressure Transmitter.

The static pressure level transmitter is based on the principle that the measured liquid static pressure is proportional to the height of the liquid. Adopt the piezoresistive effect of foreign advanced isolation diffused silicon sensor. Convert static pressure into electrical signal. After temperature compensation and linear correction. Converted into a standard electrical signal. It is suitable for liquid level measurement of various media in petrochemical, metallurgical, electric power, pharmaceutical, water supply and drainage, environmental protection and other systems and industries.

Working principle of hydrostatic level transmitter

When the liquid level transmitter is thrown into a certain depth in the measured liquid. The formula for the pressure on the front surface of the sensor is: Ρ=ρ.g.H+Po. Where:

  •   P: pressure on the face of the transmitter
  •   Ρ: the density of the measured liquid
  •   G: local gravitational acceleration
  •   Po: Atmospheric pressure on the liquid surface
  •   H: the depth of the transmitter into the liquid

At the same time, the pressure of the liquid is introduced into the positive pressure chamber of the sensor through the gas-conducting stainless steel. Then connect the atmospheric pressure Po on the liquid surface to the negative pressure chamber of the sensor. To offset the Po on the back of the sensor. Make the pressure measured by the sensor: ρ.g.H. Obviously, the pressure P is measured. The depth of the liquid level can be obtained.

Extended reading: extrusion melt pressure transducer

Hydrostatic Pressure Transmitter Price

The price of Hydrostatic Pressure Transmitter is not much different from that of ordinary pressure transmitters. The price of Hydrostatic Pressure Transmitter can be determined according to the customer’s parameters. About USD150~350.00.

Sino-Inst offers over 20 Static Pressure/Hydrostatic Pressure Transmitter. A wide variety of Static Pressure/Hydrostatic Pressure Transmitter options are available to you. Such as free samples, paid samples. 

Sino-Inst is a globally recognized manufacturer of Static Pressure/Hydrostatic Pressure Transmitters, located in China. Sino-Inst sells through a mature distribution network that reaches all 30 countries worldwide. Static Pressure/Hydrostatic Pressure Transmitters products are most popular in Europe, Southeast Asia, and Mid East. You can ensure product safety by selecting from certified suppliers. With ISO9001, ISO14001 certification.

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Mechanical Water Flow Meters

Mechanical water flow meters refer to a type of flow meter suitable for clean water processes or applications. The working principle of a mechanical water flow meter is to measure the speed of water flowing through a pipe. This causes the piston or turbine to rotate. The volume flow of water is proportional to the rotation speed of the blades. Compared with electronic water flow meters, mechanical water flow meters may become clogged when the water is dirty or contains large particles. When the water flow is low, the mechanical water meter does not work well.

Mechanical Water Flow Meters VS Mechanical Water Meters

Water meter and flow meter are two products with different standards. The focus of the two is also different.

The water meter implements the national standard, and the flow meter implements the industry standard. Water meters require higher requirements than flow meters. Water meters focus on wide-range measurement. And flow meters are suitable for fluid measurement with stable flow rates. Water meters are only used in the water industry, while flow meters are used in major industrial and civil industries. In terms of application range, electromagnetic flowmeters have a wider application range than water meters. However, because the upper and lower limits of flowmeters are relatively narrower than water meters. Water meters are often used in the water industry.

Extended reading: non contact flow meter

Mechanical flow meters are a type of flow meters that use arrangement moving parts to measure flow. The fluid passes through a series of gears or chambers (positive displacement or PD) or through a rotating turbine or rotor. The mechanical flowmeter is different from electromagnetic and ultrasonic in principle. Mechanical flow meters easily monitor liquid flow rates for water, fuels, viscous fluids and more.

Extended Reading: Collection of Industrial Insertion Flowmeter Type

Mechanical water meters have been used by us to measure water consumption for decades. In recent years, with the introduction of smart water, smart city policies. Relevant departments and the water department advocate the use of smart water meters. Smart water meters are widely used. There are still many areas using machinery. Water meters need to be replaced. Smart water meters still have a lot of room for the replacement.

The working principle of the mechanical water meter is that the water flow is driven by the impeller to drive the electromechanical water meter quantitatively. Its function and performance are far from being able to meet the growing technological construction. The disadvantages of the mechanical water meter:

Must use water of similar quality to tap water. And the liquid must not contain rust, gravel, aquatic plants, and other impurities;
It is more difficult to manufacture products with a high range ratio. The range ratio of traditional mechanical water meters is usually less than 80;
Mechanical water meters use impeller gears and other mechanical rotating parts for measurement. The longer the use time, the lower the measurement accuracy;
The pressure loss is great.
Single installation must be strictly horizontal or vertical installation.

For users, the “intelligent water meter” is a tap water meter with remote transmission function.

Extended Reading: Chilled Water Flow Meter

Water flow meters are flow meters that can diaplay the flow rate of industrial water pipe.

A water flow meter measures the amount of water flowing through a pipe. We have several kinds to choose from, depending on the application, maintenance needs, and budget.

Extended reading: 2 inch Water Flow Meter

There are four common water flow meter types:

Turbine (also called mechanical), Vortex, Ultrasonic, and Magnetic. We will tell you everything you need to know about them and help you choose one for your application.

First, you should know the flow meter working principles.

Extended reading: Ultrasonic Flow Meters Types & Technical Guide

Compared with other flow meters, the mechanical flowmeter relies on the rotation and displacement of mechanical parts to measure the flow rate. Common mechanical flow meters have the following categories.

Tool: Volumetric Flow Rate & Pipe Diameter to Flow Speed Calculator

A positive displacement flowmeter as a mechanical flow meter is a common type of Volumetric Flow Meter. It can measure the volume flow of high viscosity and corrosive fluids.

Volumetric flow meter working principle

The positive displacement flow meter is a flow meter that uses mechanical measuring elements to continuously divide the fluid into a single known volume, and repeatedly fill and discharge the volume of fluid to accumulate the total amount of fluid.

Read more about: positive displacement flowmeter

A Rotameter flow meter is a variable area flow meter based on float position measurement. It is suitable for liquid and gas volumetric flow measurement and control.

Rotameter flow meter working principle

When the measured fluid passes through the annulus formed by the cone and floats from the bottom to the top. The differential pressure produced at the upper and lower ends of the float forms the force for the float to rise. Until the rising force equals the weight of the float immersed in the fluid, the float will stabilize at a certain height.
The height of the float in the tapered tube and the flow rate through it correspond to each other.

Read more about Rotameter flow meter-Variable Area Flow Meters

Extended reading: Beginner’s Guide: Variable area flow meter

Turbine flow meters are velocity flow meters, also called impeller flow meters. Can be used to measure the instantaneous flow and cumulative flow of liquids and gases.

Turbine Flow Meter Working Principle

The fluid flows through the sensor housing. Because the blades of the impeller have a certain angle with the flow direction. The impulse of the fluid makes the blades have a rotational torque. After the friction torque and fluid resistance are overcome, the blades rotate. The speed is stable after the torque is balanced.
Under certain conditions, the speed is proportional to the flow rate.

Read more about Turbine Flow Meter Working Principle

The gear flow meter is a micro digital positive displacement flow meter. Can measure very small flow rates and quantify small volumes of liquid. High and low-temperature resistance (-196℃-200℃).

Gear flow meter working principle

With the flow of the medium, the gears mesh and rotate. Under the action of the fluid flow, a pressure difference is formed at both ends of the instrument inlet and outlet. There is no need for power supply. A pair of gears rotate freely. The cavity between the gears is filled with liquid. Discharge and measure the number of revolutions of the gear to know the flow of liquid and liquid flowing through the instrument.

Read more about Gear flow meter for Microflow

A common mechanical flow meter is inserted into the pipe and uses a turbine, wheel, or paddle to measure the speed. Then calculate the volume flow by knowing the cross-sectional area of the pipe in which they are installed. A common type of the above-mentioned mechanical flow meter uses a turbine. It rotates as the water flow applies force to the blades. The rotation of the turbine is proportional to the speed of the fluid flowing through it. Once the speed is known, the flow rate can be calculated.

Other mechanical watches use the same basic mechanical principles to measure flow. They operate effectively in full pipelines and when used in areas with the stable flow and almost no turbulence. Mechanical flow meters will operate in all types of liquids. However, it is prone to clogging and performance degradation due to the accumulation of solids on the turbine blades. They also block part of the flow and require regular maintenance of gears and moving parts.

The most common mechanical water flow meter is the turbine flow meter.

Extended reading: Insertion Ultrasonic Water Flow Meter – Designed for Agricultural Irrigation, Garden Management

Read more about: Flow Meter Selection Guide

More Featured Water Flow Meters


Mechanical Type Flow Meter is a type of flow meter. The mechanical flowmeter is a purely mechanical measuring component. Such as turbine flowmeter, rotameter, etc.

Extended reading: water meter installation details

Compared with other flow meters, the mechanical flowmeter relies on the rotation and displacement of mechanical parts to measure the flow rate. Common mechanical flow meters are Positive displacement flow meter; Variable area flowmeter; Turbine flowmeter; Gear flow meter.

Extended Reading: Metal Tube Flow Meter Applications

The two instruments also measure the flow of liquid in the pipeline, so what is the difference between them?

Many users ask why it is so expensive when they ask about the flowmeter. So let’s first talk about the difference in price. The price of flow meters is much higher than that of water meters. The price with high precision and large-diameter are higher. The price of a water meter is much lower, basically, you can buy it for tens of dollars. The higher price is only three to four hundred yuan.

Of course, the price difference between them is so big, the function is definitely very different. In addition to measuring the instantaneous flow of liquid, the flow meter. It can also measure the cumulative flow. And the flow data can be output to the secondary meter. Convenient statistics and management. These are things that water meters cannot do.

The water meter is in cubic units, while the flow meter can be in cubic or liter units. The unit of liters means that the flowmeter is more accurate and detailed, and is more suitable for factory production and trade requirements.

Extended reading: Advantages and disadvantages of ultrasonic water meters

Sino-Inst offers over 3mechanical water flow meter products. About 50% of these are differential pressure flow meters. 40% are water meters (like the Insertion Turbine Flow Meter), and 40% are water treatment (like the Annubar flow meter ).

A wide variety of mechanical water flow meter options are available to you, such as free samples, paid samples.

Extended Reading: Rotameter vs Flow meter

Sino-Inst is a globally recognized supplier and manufacturer of mechanical water flow meters, located in China.

The top supplying country is China (Mainland), which supply 100% of the mechanical water flow meter respectively.

Sino-Inst sells through a mature distribution network that reaches all 50 states and 30 countries worldwide. Mechanical water flow meter products are most popular in Domestic Market, Southeast Asia, and Mid East.

You can ensure product safety by selecting from certified suppliers, with ISO9001, ISO14001 certification.

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Flow Totalizer Meter vs Flow Meter

A flow totalizer meter is sometimes referred to as a flow meter or flow totalizer. flow totalizer meter displays the flow rate from either an analog or pulse output flow sensor as well as the accumulated total and grand total volume over time. Flow meters are devices used to measure the flow rate or quantity of a gas or liquid in a pipe. The flow totalizer meter works on the basis of a flow sensor. It shows the data results that people want.

Sino-Inst offers a variety of Record and Analyze instruments for industrial control. Hope that through the introduction of this article, you can learn more about Flow Totalizer Meter vs Flow Meter. To help determine the right product for your project.

Totalizer is a meter that can display the measured cumulative value from a certain specified time to the reading time.

In the central processing unit. The accumulator is a type of register. Used to store intermediate results produced by calculations. If there is no register like the accumulator, then after each calculation (addition, multiplication, shift, etc.), the result must be written back to the memory. Maybe I have to read it back soon. However, the speed of access to the main memory is slower than the access from the arithmetic logic unit to the accumulator with a direct path.

In the arithmetic unit, the accumulator is a register dedicated to storing an operand and the result of an arithmetic or logical operation. It can perform operations such as addition, subtraction, reading, shifting, cyclic shifting, and complementation. It is the main part of the arithmetic unit.

In the central processing unit CPU, the accumulator (accumulator) is a kind of scratchpad. It is used to store intermediate results produced by calculations. If there is no register like an accumulator. Then after each calculation (addition, multiplication, shift, etc.), the result must be written back to the memory, and then read back. However, the speed of access to the main memory is slower than the access from the mathematical logic unit (ALU) to the accumulator with a direct path.

In assembly language programs, the accumulator-AX is a very important register. But when it is used to save temporary data in the program. Finally, it is transferred to other registers or memory units. To prevent the data in it from being modified during the execution of other instructions. In order to get incorrect results. Bring unnecessary trouble to the debugging of the program.

Read more General-purpose Flow Totalizer for Data collection and calculation

The flowmeter is defined as an instrument that indicates the measured flow rate and/or the total amount of fluid in the selected time interval. Simply put, it is an instrument used to measure fluid flow in pipes or open channels.

Flow meters are divided into differential pressure flow meters, rotor flow meters, throttling flow meters, slit flow meters, volumetric flow meters, electromagnetic flow meters, ultrasonic flow meters, and so on. Classified by medium: liquid flow meter and gas flow meter.

Extended reading: Ultrasonic Flow Meters Types & Technical Guide

Simply put, a Totalizing Flow Meter is a running total of how much fluid (gas, liquid, steam) has passed by the sensor within a given time. For example, “in the last 60 seconds, there have been 30 gallons of water flowing by the sensor.”

Extended Reading: Magnetic Battery Operated Flow Meter

A pure totalizer is not a flow meter.

Usually, flow meters measure instantaneous flow. If you need to know the total amount of flow, you need to use a totalizer.

A complete flow detection system includes several parts such as sensing, transmission, calculation, integration, display, etc. Each part can be an independent instrument. It is also possible to integrate several functions into one watch.

Many flow totalizers on the market now integrate calculation, totalization, and display. It includes most of the functions of the flow system. Some manufacturers set the totalizer and other parts as flow meters and use the name of the complete set on the totalizer. If you buy the totalizer alone, you will see that the name is flowmeter.

So the flowmeter [maybe] includes a totalizer, but the totalizer is not a flowmeter.

Extended reading: Insertion Ultrasonic Water Flow Meter – Designed for Agricultural Irrigation, Garden Management

If you get here, you still can’t find a suitable product. Then let us take a more detailed look at the functions and applications of the Flow Totalizer Meter.

Flow Totalizer Working Principle

The flow totalizer is composed of four parts: measurement loop, digital panel meter, regulator, and power supply.

The stabilized power supply converts the 220V power supply into a stable DC voltage as the other part of the power supply.

The measurement loop processes the signal (voltage, current, etc.) sent by the flow transmitter into a voltage signal.

After A/D conversion, the signal is sent to a dedicated central processing unit for processing. Not only to the digital panel meter but also to the regulator. After comparing with the set value, it outputs a control or alarm signal according to the regulation rule.

The flow totalizer is a commonly used paperless recorder. What Is A Paperless Recorder?

Extended reading: How to realize the flow accumulation function in PLC?

Flow Meter/ Totalizer for Water

The water flow meter is an instrument specially used to measure the flow of water in pipes. You can get many different types of water flow meters from your facility.

When used in certain applications, each flow meter has its own advantages. For many pipelines and similar systems, the water must be maintained at a specified flow rate to ensure the effective operation of the system.

Water flow meters supplied by Sino-Inst are flow meters that can display the flow rate and cumulative flow of industrial water pipes. Read more about: 5 Types of Flowmeters-Guide to Flowmeter Types .

Extended Reading: Insertion Flowmeter Types

Gas Totalizer Flow Meter

Digital gas flow meters are flow meters used to monitor the gas flow rate or mass. Digital gas flow meters are designed to measure different types of gases. Like Air, N2, O2, CO2, and more.

The Digital gas flow meters supplied by Sino-Inst all come with Gas Totalizer, so they are also called Gas Totalizer Flow Meter. Such as gas ultrasonic flowmeter, gas turbine flowmeter, etc.

The intelligent gas flow converter is a new type converter with domestic level developed by our company. Adopt advanced ultra-low power consumption single-chip microcomputer technology. The whole machine has strong functions, low power consumption, and superior performance. The flowmeter integrates flow, temperature, and pressure detection functions. And can automatically compensate for temperature, pressure, and compressibility. It is an ideal instrument for gas measurement in petroleum, chemical, electric power, metallurgy, and other industries.

Extended reading: High Pressure Rotameter for Liquids/gas-Upto 25 Mpa


Flow totalizers are often used in conjunction with flow meters. According to the definition of flow totalizers matched with flow meters, it is like this: with various flow sensors or transmitters, temperature sensors or transmitters and pressure transmitters Coordinated use. It can measure and display, accumulate calculation, alarm control, transmission output, data acquisition and communication for various liquid, steam, natural gas, general gas and other flow parameters. It is a very important accessory instrument for flowmeters. It can be seen that the important role of the flow totalizer.

Extended reading: Volumetric Flow Rate To Mass Flow Rate

At present, there are many different brands of flow totalizers used to measure the instantaneous flow of liquid or solid in the industrial field. Then it is transmitted to the PLC through a 4-20mA signal as a data standard for control or monitoring. PLC accumulates the cumulative flow within a certain period of time according to the instantaneous flow. It is of great significance for the data analysis and production calculation applications of a liquid or solid flow in the field of process industry control.

Extended reading: Ultrasonic Water Meter for Residential Water

Generally, flowmeters have system errors, fixed constants need to be compensated and corrected. There are many types of flowmeters, the principles of various measurement methods are different, the measured medium is different, and the compensation calculation is also different.

For example, the flow meters in the following measurement occasions require temperature or pressure compensation:

  1. When measuring gas, temperature and pressure compensation are required at the same time. The gas is generally settled at the standard condition volume flow rate. Because the volumetric flow rate of gas changes when temperature or pressure changes, the flow rate will change.
  2. When measuring superheated steam, the temperature and pressure need to be compensated at the same time. Steam is generally settled by mass flow rate. Because either temperature or pressure has changed. The density of the steam will change. The mass flow rate also changes accordingly.

Extended reading: Orifice Plate Flow Meter

Extended Reading: Metal Tube Flow Meter Applications

Sino-Inst offers over 50 Flow Totalizer Meter & Flow Meter for flow measurement. About 50% of these are differential pressure flow meters, 40% is the liquid flow sensor, and 20% are Ultrasonic Level Transmitter and mass flow meters.

A wide variety of Flow Totalizer Meters options are available to you, such as free samples, paid samples.

Sino-Inst is a globally recognized supplier and manufacturer of flow measurement instrumentation, located in China.

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Explore Oil and Gas Flow Meters

An oil and Gas Flow Meter is A device installed in a pump manifold or treating line to measure the fluid flow rate. Oil and Gas Flow Meters can be used to measure the flow rates of liquid or gas and are available in various configurations and with different operating principles.

Flow Meters for Measuring Oil and Gas

Every day, a large amount of oil and gas are transported back and forth, refined, and then transported, as well as custody transfer. Difficult oil and gas flow measurement challenges such as corrosive media and harsh environments are our daily work. This requires mature and safe technology. Through instrument measurement and display monitoring, safe and reliable operation can be achieved.

Many types of flow meters are used to measure oil and gas flow. Each type has its advantages and disadvantages. The following content discusses these advantages and disadvantages.

A Coriolis flowmeter is a type of mass flow meter. It is designed differently and works differently than thermal or differential mass flow meters. Coriolis meters provide extremely accurate mass or volume flow, density, and temperature measurement with few moving parts and no straight pipe requirements.

Coriolis flowmeter is also called Coriolis mass flow meter. Based on the principles of Micromotion mechanics. Coriolis meters provide extremely accurate mass or volume flow, density, and temperature measurements.


  • The Coriolis mass flow meter directly measures the mass flow rate with high measurement accuracy.
  • It can measure a wide range of fluids, including high-viscosity liquids, slurries containing solids, liquids containing trace gases, and medium and high-pressure gases with sufficient density.
  • The measuring tube has a small vibration amplitude and can be regarded as a non-moving part, and there are no obstructions and moving parts in the measuring pipe.
  • It is not sensitive to the flow velocity distribution of the upflow, so there is no requirement for upstream and downstream straight pipes.
  • The measured value is not sensitive to the fluid viscosity, and the change of fluid density has little effect on the measured value.
  • Multi-parameter measurement can be done, such as measuring density at the same time, and deriving the concentration of solute in the measurement solution from this.


  • The instability of the zero point of the Coriolis mass flowmeter forms a zero point drift. This affects the further improvement of its accuracy. Many types of meters have to divide the total error into two parts, the basic error and the zero point instability measurement.
  • Coriolis mass flowmeters cannot be used to measure low-density media and low-pressure gases. The gas content in the liquid exceeds a certain limit (depending on the model), which will significantly affect the measured value.
  • Coriolis mass flowmeters are more sensitive to external vibration interference. In order to prevent the influence of pipeline vibration, most models of Coriolis mass flowmeters have high requirements for installation and fixation of flow sensors.

Extended Reading: Magnetic Battery Operated Flow Meter

The ultrasonic flow meter measures the liquid flow rate quickly and effectively. There are two types of ultrasonic flowmeter technology: Doppler frequency shift and transit time.

Transit time ultrasonic flow meter is most suitable for measuring the flow of cleaning liquid. Therefore, it is the most popular type of ultrasonic meter.

Doppler ultrasonic flow meter can measure the frequency difference of sound waves reflected from bubbles or particles in the airflow. It is suitable for aerated or dirty liquids.


  • The clamp-on ultrasonic flowmeter can realize non-contact flow measurement. Even if it is a plug-in or internally attached ultrasonic flowmeter, its pressure loss is almost zero. The convenience and economy of flow measurement are the best.
  • The ultrasonic flowmeter can measure various media of water, gas and oil. Its application field is very broad.
  • The manufacturing cost of the ultrasonic flowmeter has almost nothing to do with the caliber. It has the comprehensive competitive advantage of reasonable price and convenient installation and use in the occasion of large-diameter flow measurement.
  • The portable ultrasonic flowmeter can measure the flow rate on pipelines of various pipe diameters and materials with one flowmeter. It is the preferred flow meter type for online calibration, comparison or period verification as a standard meter.
  • Ultrasonic flowmeter has the convenience of traceability based on the two basic physical quantities of length and time. It can be foreseen that it will surpass other principles of flow meters to become the carrier of flow standards or even flow standards.

Extended reading: non contact flow meter


  • The current disadvantage of ultrasonic flowmeters is mainly that the temperature range of the measurable fluid is limited by the temperature resistance of the ultrasonic transducer and the coupling material between the transducer and the pipeline. And the raw data of the sound transmission velocity of the measured fluid at high temperature is incomplete. At present, our country can only be used to measure fluids below 200°C.
  • The anti-interference ability is poor, and it is susceptible to the influence of bubbles, fouling, pumps, and other ultrasonic noises, resulting in poor accuracy. If the above situation occurs, the accuracy will deteriorate in the slightest, and the meter will not display in the severe case.
  • The measurement circuit of the ultrasonic flowmeter is more complicated than that of the general flowmeter. This is because the flow velocity of liquid in general industrial measurement is often a few meters per second, and the propagation speed of sound waves in the liquid is about 1500m/s.

Extended reading: Ultrasonic Flow Meters Types & Technical Guide

A vortex flow meter is also called a Vortex shedding flow meter. Vortex Flow Meter is suitable for flow measurement of steam and various liquids and gases.

The vortex flowmeter is a volume flow meter that measures the volume flow of gas, steam, or liquid, the volume flow of standard conditions, or the mass flow of gas, steam, or liquid based on the Karman vortex principle. When the fluid flows through the dust collector rod of the vortex flowmeter, a vortex is formed. The frequency of vortex shedding is proportional to the fluid velocity. Temperature and pressure compensation can be configured.


  • The vortex flowmeter has no moving parts, and the measuring element has a simple structure, reliable performance and long service life.
  • The vortex flowmeter has a wide measuring range. The turndown ratio can generally reach 1:10.
  • The volume flow of the vortex flowmeter is not affected by thermal parameters such as the temperature, pressure, density or viscosity of the fluid being measured. Generally, no separate calibration is required. It can measure the flow of liquid, gas or steam.
  • The pressure loss caused by it is small.
  • The accuracy is high. The repeatability is 0.5%. And the amount of maintenance is small.

Extended reading: Buy Digital Gas Flow Meters & Controllers For Air-O2-N2-CO2


  • The volume flow of the vortex flowmeter in working state is not affected by thermal parameters such as the temperature, pressure, and density of the fluid being measured. But the final measurement result of liquid or steam should be mass flow. For gases, the final measurement result should be the standard volume flow rate. Both the mass flow rate or the standard volume flow rate must be converted by fluid density, and changes in fluid density caused by changes in fluid working conditions must be considered.
  • Poor vibration resistance.
  • Poor adaptability to measuring dirty media. The generating body of the vortex flowmeter is easily dirty by the medium or entangled by the dirt. Change the size of the geometry. Greatly affect the measurement accuracy.
  • High requirements for straight pipe sections. Experts pointed out that the straight pipe section of the vortex flowmeter must ensure the front 40D and the 20D to meet the measurement requirements.
  • Poor temperature resistance. Vortex flowmeters generally can only measure the fluid flow of media below 300°C.

A thermal gas mass flow meter is a flow meter that can detect the mass flow of gas without temperature and pressure compensation.

Thermal Mass Flow Meter Unaffected by changes in viscosity, density, temperature, or pressure. Thermal mass flow meters are designed based on the principle of thermal diffusion.

Including natural gas, coal gas, liquefied gas, flare gas, argon, carbon dioxide, and other mixed gas flow measurement.


  • Wide turndown ratio. It can measure gas with flow velocity as high as 100Nm/s to 0.5Nm/s. Can be used for gas leak detection.
  • Good seismic performance and long service life. The sensor has no moving parts and pressure sensing parts, and is not affected by vibration on the measurement accuracy.
  • Easy to install and maintain. If site conditions permit, installation and maintenance can be achieved without stopping production. (Need special customization)
  • Digital design. Integral digital circuit measurement, accurate measurement and convenient maintenance.
  • Using RS-485 communication, or HART communication, factory automation and integration can be realized.


  • The response is slow, and the measured gas composition changes greatly, and the measured value will change greatly due to the change of cp value and thermal conductivity, which will cause errors.
  • For small flow rates, the meter will bring considerable heat to the gas being measured.
  • For thermally distributed thermal gas mass flow meters, if the measured gas deposits on the tube wall affects the measured value, it must be cleaned regularly; for thin tube meters, it is more prone to clogging and cannot be used under normal circumstances.
  • The use of pulsating flow will be limited.
  • Thermal mass flow meters for liquids are also restricted in the use of viscous liquids.

Extended reading: Gas Mass Flow Meter

Differential Pressure Flow Meter is also called DP flow meter. Differential pressure flow meters use the principle of differential pressure to measure the flow of liquid, gas, and steam.

The differential pressure flow meter is measured by the working principle that there is a certain relationship between the pressure difference and the flow rate when the medium fluid flows through the throttling device. Differential pressure (DP) flow meters are the most widely used form of flow measurement products today. Including integrated orifice flowmeter, average velocity tube flowmeter, venturi tube, wedge flowmeter, underwater flowmeter, orifice plate, orifice carrier assembly, nozzle flowmeter.


  • The most widely used, such as orifice flowmeter, has a firm structure and stable and reliable performance;
  • It has a wide range of applications and is still the most used type of flowmeter;
  • The detection parts, transmitters and display instruments can be produced by different manufacturers, which is convenient for large-scale production.

Extended reading: Orifice Plate Flow Meter


  • The measurement accuracy is unstable. Affected by installation and fluid impact (such as orifice plate, nozzle flowmeter) is prone to wear. In turn affect the accuracy of measurement data;
  • The range is narrow, generally 3:1~4:1;
  • On-site installation conditions require high requirements, and inaccurate installation will have a greater impact on measurement accuracy;
  • The pressure loss is large.

A positive displacement flowmeter as a mechanical flow meter is a common type of Volumetric Flow Meter. It can measure the volume flow of high viscosity and corrosive fluids.

  • High measurement accuracy;
  • The installation pipeline conditions have no influence on the measurement accuracy;
  • Can be used for high-viscosity liquids;
  • Wide range;
  • The direct-reading meter can directly obtain the cumulative and total amount without external energy.
  • Clear and clear, easy to operate.


  • The measurement accuracy is high, and the basic error is generally ±0.5%R. Special ones can reach ±0.2% R or higher. It is especially suitable for use in the field where high-precision measurement is required.
  • There is no influence on the measurement accuracy when measuring the distortion of the flow velocity field of the rotating flow and the pipe choke. There is no requirement for the front straight pipe section.
  • Can be used for the measurement of high-viscosity fluids. Wide flow range. Generally, it is 10:1 to 5:1, and can reach 30:1 or more in special cases.
  • With on-site flow direct reading. No external power supply is required. The cumulative total can be measured, the display is clear, and the operation is convenient.

Extended reading: Positive Displacement Flow meter Technology


  • The design of the measurement structure is complicated. The flowmeter is large and heavy, especially the flowmeter with larger caliber. Huge volume, only suitable for small and medium calibers.
  • Compared with other general flow meters (such as orifice flow meters, float flow meters, electromagnetic flow meters, vortex flow meters). The measured medium type, medium working condition (temperature, pressure), and caliber are relatively limited, and the scope of application is narrow.
  • Only suitable for clean single-phase fluids. When the fluid contains particles and dirt, a filter must be installed upstream. Not only increases the pressure loss, but also increases the maintenance work. If measuring liquids containing gas, a gas separator must be installed.

Turbine flow meters are velocity flow meters, also called impeller flow meters. Can be used to measure the instantaneous flow and cumulative flow of liquids and gases.

Turbine flowmeters are widely used in flow measurement: petroleum, organic liquids, inorganic liquids, liquefied gas, natural gas, coal gas, and cryogenic fluids. Turbine flowmeter signals can be divided into pulse signals or current signals (4-20mA). It is suitable for use with secondary display, PLC, DCS, and other computer control systems.


  • The cost is moderate.
  • Very good at clean, low viscosity fluids of moderate velocity and a steady rate.
  • Turndown is very good as it can read very low compared to the greatest flow.
  • They are reliable if put in a clean fluid especially if it has some lubricity.
  • AGA and API approved for custody transfers.
  • They do cause some pressure drop where that may be a factor such as gravity flows.
  • High accuracy. Among all flowmeters, it is the most accurate flowmeter.
  • No zero drift, good anti-interference ability.
  • High accuracy. Among all flowmeters, it is the most accurate flowmeter.
  • No zero drift, good anti-interference ability.


  • Not reliable for steam.
  • Bearings wear out.
  • Requires constant backpressure to prevent cavitation.
  • Accuracy adversely affected by bubbles in liquids.
  • Turbine meters can be used with clean liquids and gases only (may need to install a strainer upstream to prevent damage from particulates).
  • Not applicable for measuring corrosive fluids.
  • May not function properly with high viscosity fluids where the flow profile is laminar.
  • Cannot maintain calibration characteristics for a long time.

Extended Reading: Summary Of Crude Oil Flow Measurement Options

Extended Reading: Petroleum Flow Meter

Crude Oil Flow Meter

To measure crude oil, you can also consider the oval gear flowmeter first. If the precision is extremely high. Then you can use a mass flow meter.

The first mass flowmeter is required to measure the flow of crude oil in the supply pipe to the primary oil refining. The mass flow rate here is 1600 t/h.

The second meter is used to measure black oil in the pipeline to the Commodity and Raw Materials Park.

Additionally, the customer required simple installation, high accuracy, and smooth integration of the new meters into existing systems.

Extended reading: Oil Level Measurement Solutions for the Oil & Gas Industry

Flare Gas Mass Flow Measurement

The measurement of flare gas flow has always been the requirement of refinery, petrochemical, chemical and other various factories. Better measurement of flare gas flow. It can not only alleviate the pressure of enterprise safety management, but also reduce material loss, which is of great significance. However, there are many difficulties in flare gas measurement. Take a look at the following different measurement methods, there is always one that suits you.

Flare gas flow measurement method

There are three main methods to measure the flow of flare gas. These methods include the following types of flow meters:

  • Ultrasonic flowmeter
  • Thermal flow meter
  • Differential pressure flowmeter

In global gas flow measurement applications. The growth rate of flare gas flow measurement is ranked second. With the increasingly stringent environmental requirements, the demand for flare gas measurement will continue to increase. In this field, ultrasonic flow meters, thermal flow meters, and differential pressure flow meters have their own advantages.

Extended reading: Crude oil measurement, 80G radar level meter should be your first choice!


In the oil and gas industry, there are many items that need to be metered. Generally, monitoring instruments are used. Such as pressure gauges, flow meters, thermometers, etc. These are called meters in the oil and gas industry.

Extended Reading: Fuel Flow Meters for Diesel-Marine fuel-Industrial oil

The main purpose of the Oil flow meter is to measure the volume or mass flow of oil media. Such as commonly used turbine flow meters, gear flow meters, mass flow meters, and so on.

Extended reading: High Temperature Flow Meter

For the measurement of fuel flow. We prefer turbine flowmeters.

Extended reading: Fuel Flow Meter for Boat-Selection & Application

As far as the current industry technology is concerned. Mass flow meters are a type of flow meter with relatively high accuracy.

Extended Reading: Metal Tube Flow Meter Applications

The flow meter is a device installed in a pump manifold or treating line to measure the fluid flow rate. Flowmeters can be used to measure the flow rates of liquid or gas and are available in various configurations and with different operating principles.

Extended reading: Ultrasonic flow detectors types

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Oil and Gas Flow Meter Selection Conclusions

As long as there is commercial oil and gas extraction, the industry faces the challenge of accurate measurement. From allocating production to the stakeholders of each well to monitoring the oil and gas delivered. Everyone in the oil and gas industry has a vested interest in ensuring that flow rates are measured correctly.

Over the years, this has spawned a variety of metering technologies. The growth of the oil and gas market has in turn generated demand for different flowmeter types.

Before you choose the right Oil and Gas Flow Meters, you need to consider many factors. If you need technical support, please contact our engineers.

Extended Reading: Collection of Industrial Insertion Flowmeter Type

Sino-Inst’s Oil and Gas Flow Meter offer reliable and accurate volume flow measurement in a large range of sizes and pressure rating while being fully compliant with international standards.

Sino-Inst is the risk-free choice for your gas flow measurement applications.

Sino-Inst supplies Oil and Gas Flow Meters, like: gas turbine flow meter. vortex flowmeter, thermal mass flow meter, and more.

Sino-Inst’s Oil and Gas Flow Meters, made in China, Having good Quality, With better price. Our flow measurement instruments are widely used in China, India, Pakistan, US, and other countries.

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