Looking for a specific type or a custom continuous liquid level sensor? Sino-Inst offers High quality Liquid level sensors for continuous level measurement.
Level sensors are used in process control in many industries and they fall into two categories. Continuous level measurement sensors and Point level measurement sensors. The point level measurement sensor is used to indicate a single discrete level, that is, to indicate a preset level.
The function of this type of sensor is the upper limit alarm, which indicates the overfill condition, or the lower limit alarm condition. Continuous level sensors are more complex, allowing level monitoring of the entire system. They measure the level of the liquid level in a range, not the level of a point. Continuous level sensors produce an analog output that is directly related to the liquid level in the container. To build a level measurement system, this output signal is transmitted to the process control loop and visual indicators.
Sino-Inst offers a variety of Level senors for Continuous level measurement. If you have any questions, please contact our sales engineers.
Featured Continuous Level Sensor
What is a Continuous Liquid Level Sensor?
Continuous level sensor definition
Continuous level sensors are transmitters that measure liquids within a specified range. Level sensors determine the exact amount of liquid that provides a continuous analog signal. The level signal can be displayed directly on site or integrated into a process control or management system. These products can be installed vertically and horizontally. They are ideal for monitoring liquids in confined or restricted areas.
Wikipedia: Level sensor
Difference between a point level sensor and a continuous level sensor?
Point level sensor
A sensor designed for point detection will detect liquid at a certain point in the tank or chamber. Generally, this applies to processes that require high-level or low-level management.
In most cases, they act as switches when the tank level rises or falls to a certain level. This could be an alarm or a bonding device. Essentially, the sensor detects when the liquid has reached the desired point, and it acts as a switch to activate the necessary response.
Continuous level sensor
The continuous level sensor is designed to detect the level through every point in the tank or chamber. This means that it provides feedback regardless of the level and the entire container range. This is great for processes where level is always important, and for applications that require increased accuracy.
Continuous level sensor 4-20 ma
Sino-Inst provides signal output for all continuous level sensors. Analog signal output, 4-20mA output, 0-5V, RS485, HART optional.
Advantages of current signal (4 ~ 20mA signal)
- The current signal is suitable for long-distance transmission. Because the current signal is not affected by the resistance of the wire. And the voltage signal will be divided when the wire itself has resistance, resulting in inaccurate measurement. Generally, the maximum transmission distance of 4 ~ 20mA is controlled within 100m, and it is recommended to use digital signals (485 communication)
- The current signal generally uses a two-wire system, and the voltage signal generally uses a three-wire system. In contrast, the two-wire system saves materials and reduces costs than the three-wire system.
- Compared with the on-site working conditions, the anti-interference ability of the current signal is stronger than the voltage signal. In the case of interference, it is recommended that the user select a 4 ~ 20mA signal.
- The current signal can appropriately exceed the range of the range and output inaccurate signals. For example, a pressure transmitter with a range of 1MPa and an output of 4-20mA can output 24mA when it exceeds the range. The voltage signal is slightly different depending on the power supply. For example, a pressure transmitter with a range of 1 MPa and an output of 0 to 10 V cannot output signals above 9 V when the power supply is 9 V.
- When the wire materials are not the same (such as copper, nickel), a magnetic field will generally be generated. And the voltage signal will have an error, and the current signal will not be required in the case of higher accuracy requirements.
Measuring techniques for continuous level measurement
1. Ultrasonic Level Sensors
Ultrasonic level measurement, easy installation, wireless, portable and can be explosion-proof.Sonic is the sound we can hear. Ultrasonic is the sound above the human hearing range.
A human can hear maximum up to a frequency of 20 KHz. Ultrasonic frequencies are above 20 KHz. Ultrasonic waves are used to measure the level of liquids and solid objects in industries.
Ultrasonic level measurement is the contactless principle and most suitable for level measurements of hot, corrosive and boiling liquids.
The normal frequency range used for ultrasonic level measurements is within a range of 40-200 KHz.
2. Hydrostatic (Pressure) Level Transmitters
Hydrostatic level transmitters, also called submersible level transmitter, or pressure level transmitters. For Hydrostatic level measurement, Continuous level measurement in liquid applications with pressure sensors. These transmitters help in determining fluid level of a container. By measuring the pressure of resting body of the fluid within it.
3. Continuous Level Radar Sensors
Radar level transmitter, also called Radar level gauge. Non-contact Continuous level measurement in liquids and solids with free space radar sensors.
Non-contacting radar, based on microwave technology, detects only surfaces that reflect energy. These transmitters work on the principle of a radar by using radio wave emissions. Mounted at the top of a tank filled with a liquid.
The transmitter sends a radar signal into the liquid, and receives a reflection of the signal. The transmitters then analyze the current fill level of the tank based on the time taken by the transmitted signal to return.
4. Guided Wave Radar Level Sensors
Guided Wave Radar (GWR) Level Transmitters, also called wave guided radar level transmitter. Using guided wave radar technology, GWR level transmittershave no moving parts. They can measure both level and the interface between two media.
Continuous level measurement in liquids and solids with guided wave radar sensors. These transmitters work by sending a microwave pulse through a sensor cable or rod. The signal hits the surface of the liquid, and travels back to the sensor, and then to the transmitter housing.
Based on the time taken by the signal to travel down the sensor and back up again. The electronics integrated in the transmitter housing determine the filling level.
5. Capacitance level detectors
Capacitance level detectors, also known as Capacitance level transmitter. RF Capacitance Level Transmitter offers continuous and point level detection. In liquids and solids with capacitance probes.
These transmitters use liquid stored in a tank or container as a dielectric medium between two or more electrodes. The energy capacity of the capacitor circuit increases when there is more liquid, and decreases if there is less liquid. Measuring the variations in the capacitance value, capacitance level transmitters calculate level of the tank.
6. Magnetostrictive level transmitter
Magnetostrictive level transmitter, in-tank liquid level transmitter, is a continuous magnetic level gauge. The magnetostrictive level sensor, measure the level of fluid in the vessel.
By detecting the level of the magnets contained within the float and then transmits the measurement back to the control system.
7. Magnetic Float level sensors
Magnetic Float level sensors are continuous level sensors featuring a magnetic float that rises and falls as liquid levels change.
The movement of the float creates a magnetic field that actuates a hermetically sealed reed switch located in the stem of the level sensor, triggering the switch to open or close.
Comparative analysis – 7 Tank Level Measurement Sensors
Continuous level sensors are versatile in monitoring liquid level needs. They can monitor water, diesel, lube oils and fuels, as well as various chemical and petrochemical liquids. And compatible with corrosive and non-corrosive substances.
Continuous level sensors are and used by industries including:
- Food and Beverage
- Off-Highway Vehicles
- Oil and Gas
- Wastewater Treatment
How to select a continuous level sensor
Selection of level measurement sensor.
Issues to consider before selecting a level measurement sensor include:
- Measure liquid or solid?
- What is the temperature and pressure range of the application environment?
- Need point level measurement or continuous measurement?
- What is the level measurement range required?
- Is the measured material conductive?
- Will the measured material cover or accumulate on the surface?
- Will there be turbulence, foam or steam on the liquid surface?
- Do you need contact or non-contact level measurement?
- What kind of output is required, analog, relay, digital display or other?
In continuous level measurement, the level of a medium in a tank or silo is detected with the help of different measuring methods and converted into an electronic signal.
Continuous level sensors are more complex, allowing level monitoring of the entire system. They measure the level of the liquid level in a range, not the level of a point, and therefore produce an analog output that is directly related to the liquid level in the container. To build a level measurement system, this output signal is transmitted to the process control loop and visual indicators.
There are 7 main types of level transmitters that Sino-Instrument offers. Each type of transmitter works in a different way, and makes it useful for different types of processes.
The point level measurement sensor is used to indicate a single discrete level, that is, to indicate a preset level. Normally, the function of this type of sensor is the upper limit alarm, which indicates the overfill condition, or the lower limit alarm condition.
What are the common types of oil level sensors?
- Magnetic float sensor: Developed according to the principle of buoyancy and magnetic coupling, with good visibility of characteristics and direct reading of values;
- Pressure sensor: Use liquid pressure to measure liquid depth, suitable for measuring water depth in river channels;
- Capacitive sensor: Utilize the principle that the capacitance formed between the probe and the container changes linearly with the liquid (material) level. There is no moving or elastic component. Impact resistance, easy installation, high accuracy, high reliability;
- Magnetostrictive sensor: The principle of the sensor is to generate a longitudinal magnetic field through a permanent magnet and another magnetic field through an electric current. When the two magnetic fields intersect the waveguide, the waveguide generates a “magnetostrictive” phenomenon, and a strain pulse is generated instantly. Features It is fast and accurate. It is mostly used for liquid measurement in tank trucks;
- Float sensor (reed switch): It is more common. Nowadays, the automatic oil level sensors of automobiles belong to this category. The working principle is to use the buoyancy of liquid on magnetic floating ball, and the dry spring of floating ball level gauge is magnetically attracted to change the liquid level position into an electrical signal. The reed switch is connected in sections, and the length of each section is the test accuracy of the level gauge.
The working principle of the oil level sensor device is through the continuous acquisition of the relative percentage signal of the oil level sensor. With the calibration algorithm, it is converted into the corresponding volume information. The fuel quantity of the fuel tank is monitored. Combined with the GPS system, the vehicle is known Driving status.
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